Force-fitting employees to job descriptions leads to unhappy people and substandard performance. For years, HR professionals have struggled with this dilemma. But it doesn't have to be that way. Competency-Based Human Resource Management describes a new model of performance management that matches employee talents to the work that must be done. By focusing on the critical competencies that distinguish star performers, HR professionals can transform the way they recruit, select, train, develop, and compensate top-performing employees.