Published in 1871, "Little Men" is generally regarded as the second book in Louisa May Alcott's Little Women series. following the success of "Little Women" in 1868, which portrayed the fortunes of the March family.
In "Little Men", the March girls are grown. Jo and her husband, Mr. Bhaer, run a boarding school for young boys. The book recounts the adventures, escapades, and lessons learned by the thirteen young boys and two little girls who inhabit Plumfield, the Bhaer's home.
"Little Men" is, like Alcott's other books in the series, based on some of the events in her own life. The "March Family Saga" as the books came to be known was semi-autobiographical in nature. The character of Jo March was based on Alcott herself and many of the episodes in the books are based on real happenings at the family home she shared with her parents and sisters in Concord, Massachusetts.