We have to improve the strength of chemotherapeutic drugs in cancer treatments. On the other hand, these agents have many serious side effects. Although there has been no diet for the patients with cancer, media and authorities still continue to define a clich nutrition program consisting of green leafy vegetables, fish meat, fruits, and olive oil. This clich nutrition may help to protect the healthy consumers against cancer, but the nutrition program or diet changes when it comes to the consumers with cancer. Such a nutrition program can only be designed by evaluating and analyzing the antagonisms and synergisms of the anticancer drug administered and the active food compounds in each food. Only after these detailed evaluations could a nutrition program, which is specific for only the administered anticancer drug, can be designed. The book, which addressed more than three thousand studies in cancer nutrition and screened from Science Direct, CrossRef, Google, and PubMed databases, is a first step to meet this important demand of oncologists, nurses, dietitians, food scientists, and patients with cancer while it is the most detailed review in cancer nutrition currently.