ENJOINED, PEN & INK HAVE CHANGED THE WORLD.
Pen is a general name for a writing tool that uses liquid pigment to leave a mark on a surface. This liquid pigment is called ink. Pen and ink drawings are loosely described as artwork executed wholly or in part with a pen and ink, usually on paper. Pen drawing is fundamentally a linear method of making images.
The History of Pens begins in Ancient Egypt where Scribes, trying to find a replacement for the stylus and writing in clay, invented the reed pen made from a single reed straw that is pointed at one end and has a slit that leads the ink to the point and leaves the mark on the papyrus. But this pen didn't cut it, it was too rigid, and its point didn't last long. People started using quills-pens made from the molted flight feathers of large birds cured before use so it maintains the point longer. They were popular in the Western world from the 16th to the 19th century until the steel pen appeared. Ink is as old as pens - actually, even older. Ink is found in caves yet, and in patterns on ancient clothing. Henna is a vegetable-based ink.
The artist, Barbara Kennedy, has been drawing and doodling with inks for 50 years. Some have faded interestingly, some are as brilliant as ever.
This book of well over 100 drawings is a tribute to the relationship between the pen, the eye, and the hand.
LIFE is a painting only you can execute. Start throwing paint, but first you must learn to draw.