Ramayana (/rmjn/; Sanskrit: , Rmyaam [amajm]) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Mahbhrata. Along with the Mahbhrata, it forms the Hindu Itihasa.
The epic, traditionally ascribed to the Rishi Valmiki, narrates the life of Rama, the legendary prince of the Kosala Kingdom. It follows his fourteen-year exile to the forest by his father King Dasharatha, on request of his step-mother Kaikeyi. His travels across forests in India with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, the kidnapping of his wife by Ravana, the great king of Lanka, resulting in a war with him, and Rama's eventual return to Ayodhya to be crowned king is the crux of the epic.